accomplishing a first part of my objective,encirclement and
destruction of the enemy forces west of the Dnieper, I was given
my second objective. It was to advance eastwards and take
and Stalingrad. We laught aloud when we received these orders...
objective of Army Group South was Rostov. Although Army Group
was expected to be capable of achieving 3 objectives at once.
1) The Caucasus
2) The Crimea
None was achieved
to capture the strategically essential oil fields of the
(Grozny, Maykop, Bakou, ....) was to provide petroleum
products for the fighting
further then Rostov, the 'gate' of the Caucasus.
Panzer Corps, under von Mackensen, with 13th and 14th Panzer
60th I.D. (mot) and the 'leibstanderte' captured Rostov the 20th
But the Germans left the city the 28th November because the
severance of 1st
Panzer Army by Russian counter attacks on the weak flanks of
Army Group South.
6th Army was stuck in the mud and 17th Army too far back to
armoured spearhead in Rostov. Von Rundstedt asked OKH to fall
the Mius, 100 km (about 60 miles) west of Rostov, near Taganrog.
Because von Rundstedt ordered the evacuation of Rostov instead
of holding the
city, (Hitler ordered "no retreat") von Rundstedt was
replaced by Walther von Reichenau,
commander of the
German 6th Army.
Friedrich Paulus, Chief of
Staff of 6th Army was promoted to commander of that Army. In the
of 1st December 1942, 24 hours after von Rundstedt had been
relieved of his
command, the permission was given to move back across the river
It was a first setback for the German Army during Operation
Walther von Reichenau (right)
2) In the Crimea
: Sevastopol still continued its resistance.
captured by the Germans the 3rd of July 1942.
The German 11th Army was tied up for 230 days, trying to break
10 miles of defended terrain.
3) Stalingrad :
they only passed Kharkov, still on the west bank of the Donets.
objective was not reached by the German forces :
The overestimation of their own possibilities and an
underestimation of the
Red Army strength.